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Clinical features of dental caries

Clinical features and histopathology of dental carie

1. clinical features & histopathology of dental caries presentation by:sagar hiwale mds 1st year department of conservative and endodontics jaipur dental college and hospital 2. contents classification of dental caries 1.based on anatomical site 2.based on progression 3.based on virginity of lesion 4.based on extend of caries 5.based on tissue. Tooth decay (dental caries) is damage to a tooth that can happen when decay-causing bacteria in your mouth make acids that attack the tooth's surface, or enamel. This can lead to a small hole in a tooth, called a cavity. If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss. People of all ages can get tooth decay.

Dental caries (tooth decay) is a chronic disease that results from the activity of bacterial biofilm on a tooth surface that is exposed to fermentable carbohydrate substrates over time, leading to demineralization and eventually cavitation.76 It has been recognized for years that the fissured occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth are the tooth surfaces most vulnerable to caries aspect of dental caries; aiming the reasoning and understanding of several factors involved in the disease pathogenesis and provides its control in a simple and effective way. For so much, caries is mentioned as a localized disease, consequent of acid's action from the metabolism of anaerobic bacteria on retention sites of tooth surface

Dental caries, which is also referred to as tooth decay or cavities, is one of the most common and widespread persistent diseases today and is also one of the most preventable. When you eat certain foods, the bacteria on your teeth breaks them down and produces acids that have the ability to seriously damage the hard tissues of your tooth Definition • Dental caries is defined as anirreversible disease of calcified tissues of teeth, characterized by demineralization of the inorganic portion and destruction of the organic substance of the tooth, which often leads to cavitations Dental plaque is a clear sticky film that coats your teeth. It's due to eating a lot of sugars and starches and not cleaning your teeth well. When sugars and starches aren't cleaned off your teeth, bacteria quickly begin feeding on them and form plaque. Plaque that stays on your teeth can harden under or above your gum line into tartar (calculus)

Clinical Treatment of Deep Caries - Decisions in Dentistry

Tooth Decay National Institute of Dental and

Dental caries is always described as a chronic and progressive demineralization of hard tissues that occurs in tooth surfaces underneath a microorganism layer. The pathogenesis of dental caries is driven by the establishment of a dental biofilm and formation of an acidogenic environment [ 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 ] Objectives: The objectives of this cross-sectional survey were to determine the prevalence of secondary caries (SC) in general population, to identify patient- and material-related factors which may affect the prevalence, and to describe some clinical characteristics of SC lesions. Materials and methods: A total of 4036 restorations in 450 patients, who visited the university dental clinic for. According to Hume (1993) Dental caries is essentially a progressive loss by acid dissolution of the apetite (mineral) component of the enamel then the dentin or of the cementum and then dentin

Dental Caries - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

One significant feature of gingival morphology is the gingival line, which is defined as the line joining the tangents of the gingival zeniths of the central incisor and canine. The gingival zenith is the most apical aspect of free gingival margin Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene

There are numerous definitions on caries, depending on what is taken in consideration: etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features. Dental caries may be defined as a bacterial disease of the hard tissues of the teeth characterized by demineralization of the inorganic and destruction of the organic substance of tooth ( Soames & Southam 1999 ) Dental caries (also known as tooth decay or dental cavities) is the most common noncommunicable disease worldwide. Severe dental caries affects general health and often causes pain and infection, which may result in tooth extraction etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features. Dental caries may be defined as a bacterial disease of the hard tissues of the teeth characterized by demineralization of the inorganic and destruction of the organic substance of tooth (Soames & Southam 1999). According to Douglas, dental caries is the most common chronic infectious disease of child inform clinical decision making, programmatic decisions, and public health policy. Definition of Dental Caries Dental caries is a disease caused by an ecological shift in the composition and activity of the bacterial biofilm when exposed over time to fermentable carbohydrates, leading to a break i Association between dental decay, child's dental visiting and pain as a consequence of untreated decay was carried out using chi square test and logistic regression analysis. Results: The overall caries prevalence was 34.8% and overall prevalence of PUFA/pufa was 15.9%. The mean score of DMFT and dmft was 1.18 (SD 0.39) and 1.04 (SD 0.23), and.

Pulpitis

In 2001, the National Institute of Health's (NIH) Consensus Conference on the Diagnosis and Management of Dental Caries throughout Life concluded: Dental caries is an infectious, communicable disease resulting in destruction of tooth structure by acid-forming bacteria found in dental plaque, an intraoral biofilm, in the presence of sugar Causes. Dental caries are caused by the following: Infant-bottle tooth decay or nursing caries: The term early childhood caries is replacing these terms because the description also includes dental caries in breastfed babies. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) along with the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry issued a clinical. process of dental caries may proceed rapidly Clinical Features Seen in primary and permanent dentition. • In primary teeth features are related to order of tooth eruption. • Initial lesions appear on labial surface of maxillary incisors near the gingival margin as a white area/ pitting on enamel surface. • In permanent teet Define dental caries. Dental caries is a progressive multifactorial disease affecting hard tissues of tooth exposed to oral environment resulting in demineralisation of inorganic portion and dissolution of organic substance thereby leading to cavity formation. WHO : A localized post - eruptive, pathological process of external origin involving.

What are Dental Caries? Treatments, Signs, and Symptoms

  1. Dental Caries is a major new work on a subject of vital concern to all dentists. It builds on the work of two former books, Textbook of Clinical Cariology and Fluoride in Dentistry, to present a definitive resource on caries prevention and treatment. The management of dental caries is central to daily work in dental offices because caries is.
  2. By definition, early childhood caries is the presence of one or more decayed, missing or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child 71 months of age or younger. 3 The multi-factorial nature of ECC encompasses but is not restricted to commonly used terms including nursing caries, baby bottle caries, and baby bottle tooth decay as inappropriate nursing and baby bottle use are often implicated but are not the sole etiological factors of this condition
  3. Dental caries is progressive destruction of enamel, dentine and cementum, initiated by microbial activity at the tooth surface. It is one of the major problems in dentistry. On the basis of clinical features, it can be compared with Krimidanta which is one among the eight diseases of tooth
  4. Features: After detailing the scientific information regarding the development and treatment of dental caries, the book translates the information to clinical dentistry. The best thing about this book is its inclusive nature, covering the subject from a histological perspective through to the clinical treatment of the disease

Kostenlose Lieferung möglic Biological Features of Dental Caries. Apoena Aguiar Ribeiro* Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Cardiology, Fluminense Federal University, Brazil. Abstract. The purpose of this paper is to address some actual basic concepts about the etiology and . aspect of dental caries; aiming the reasoning and understanding of several factors involved i process of dental caries may proceed rapidly Clinical Features Seen in primary and permanent dentition. • In primary teeth features are related to order of tooth eruption. • Initial lesions appear on labial surface of maxillary incisors near the gingival margin as a white area/ pitting on enamel surface. • In permanent teet

Dental caries- etiology clinical features histopathology

Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene. Dental caries are usually painless at first, but they may become painful if they. FIGURE 1. Zones of carious dentin. Although the standard of care taught in some dental schools and emphasized by many regional dental board examinations supports the removal of all carious tooth structure, selective caries removal will reduce issues with pulpal exposure. 1 In addition, long-term evidence has demonstrated that bonded restorations placed over carious dentin can arrest the. Dental Caries Causes. Dental caries (tooth decay) is a multifactorial process that is caused by several factors. These factors are: Bacteria: they decompose carbohydrates and produce acidic metabolites that attack tooth enamel. Carbohydrate: it provides the basis of life for bacteria. Poor oral hygiene: lack of dental care promotes bacterial growth, proliferation and the formation of plaque The second edition of Dental Caries: the Disease and its Clinical Management builds on the success of the prestigious first edition to present an unrivaled resource on cariology. The clinical thrust of the first edition is widened and strengthened to include coverage of the disease in all its variety, from eruption of the first primary tooth to. First published in 2003, Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management has become the leading resource on cariology. In this highly anticipated new edition, the editors maintain the same focus on high-level coverage of the disease etiology and process, clinical management best-practice, and wider public health issues connected with dental caries management, including an enhanced focus.

Cavities/tooth decay - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Dental Anatomical Features and Caries: A Relationship to

  1. Accurately describe clinical features of established caries in natural teeth and formulate restorative treatment plans appropriate to clinical presentation. 2. Explain a stepwise, collaborative treatment of carious lesions, resulting in the appropriate preparation of a tooth with established caries. 3
  2. Dentinal Caries. Dentine can be affected both pre-cavitation and post-cavitation of the lesion. Unlike enamel, the presence of alive odontoblasts allows for reparative and protective changes to occur.Due to lateral spread at the ADJ, a larger cavity can form very quickly (particularly larger than the apparent enamel lesion)
  3. eralization of the inorganic portion and destruction of or In Krimidanta by various Nidana Sevana (causative factors) either Sukshma Krimi or Dhatu Kshaya ultimately leads to Vata Dosha Prakopa. As Prakrita Vata helps to do Dharana of Asthi.

1.Etiology and mechanisms, basic and clinical aspects 1.Dental Caries I . Title WU 270 N692u ISBN 3 - 8055 - 3906 - 1 ( set ) ISBN 3 - 8055 - 3864 - 2 ( v.1) Drug Dosage The authors and publisher have exerted every effort to ensure tha Explanatory models in the interpretations of clinical features of dental patients within a university dental education setting. Maupomé G(1), Sheiham A. Author information: (1)Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, Oregon 97227-1110, USA. gerardo.maupome@kpchr.or Dental fluorosis (DF) has been one of the most prevalent pediatric dental conditions associated with aesthetic concern and treatment needs. This study aimed to identify the longitudinal clinical change in the severity of DF in 8-12-year-old children and its association with gender, age, severity, and tooth type. This observational study assessed the dental aspects of the 92 Colombian. Scarce information exists on the clinical features of dental caries in the Imperial Roman population and no structural data on caries lesions from this period have so far been published. We report on the findings of 86 teeth (50-100 AD) found during archaeological excavations of the temple of Castor and Pollux in the Forum Romanum

Dental Caries - Principles and Management (2016).pd About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. Clinical Features and Types of Dental Caries Dental caries in infants and children has been given several names in the past including baby bottle caries or baby bottle tooth decay but the broader term Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is now being followed [ 6 ]

Dental caries is a result of shift in the balance of mineral loss and gain, leading to more changes in the tooth structure, which cannot be accepted as healthy but should be considered as pathological. This change of dental caries from a physiological process to pathology is continuous and affected by numerous variables and also there is a lack. Clinical Features & Diagnosis of Dental Caries - Clinical Features & Diagnosis of Dental Caries CHEN Zhi Wuhan University School of Stomatology Current concepts of Caries Dental caries is a specific infectious | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to vie Dental plaque is a biofilm of microorganisms (mostly bacteria, but also fungi) that grows on surfaces within the mouth.It is a sticky colorless deposit at first, but when it forms tartar, it is often brown or pale yellow.It is commonly found between the teeth, on the front of teeth, behind teeth, on chewing surfaces, along the gumline (supragingival), or below the gumline cervical margins.

PPT - PULPITIS Inflammation of dental pulp Main source for

Secondary caries: prevalence, characteristics, and approac

Active enamel caries lesions have been generally defined as those that present rough enamel and loss of lustre (indicated by chalky-white enamel) [1, 2].However, differential features linked to enamel caries activity status have been attributed to differences in enamel porosity and surface wear/polishing [3, 4].These clinical features have traditionally been observed under specific conditions. New Clinical Trials for Dental. In general, dental clinical trials are looking for participants who are otherwise healthy and who do not use tobacco products or other drugs. A lot is known about how to diagnose and treat dental problems, but there are always ongoing dental clinical trials to learn better and more efficient ways of treating dental pain and ailments Essentials of Dental Caries The Disease and Its Management, 3rd Ed (Kidd, Essentials of Dental Caries First published in 2003, Dental Caries: The Disease and its Clinical Management has become the leading resource on cariology. In this highly-anticipated new edition, the editors maintain the same focus on high-level coverage of the disease aetiology and process, clinical management best-practice, and wider public health issues connected with dental caries management, including an enhanced.

Participants who had at least 1 coronal dental caries (hazard ratio [HR], 1.9; 95% CI, 1.5-2.4) had an increased risk of incident ischemic stroke compared with those without dental caries Cariology is the study of disease of dental caries, the principal reason for the practice of dentistry. and histopathologic features of numerous common oral mucosal and jaw entities. Differential diagnosis and treatment options are emphasized. The Body In Health & Disease II The hands-on clinical exercise in local anesthetic. Background: Early childhood caries is highly prevalent in preschool children in many countries. This has been attributed to many factors. The awareness about the disease, dentition, oral health, and preventive measures are generally lacking in communities. Objective: Reviewing the current literature on early childhood dental caries, clinical features, etiological factors, management, and.

Dental Caries: Principles and Management. This book is a well-illustrated and comprehensive guide to the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, clinical management, and prevention of dental caries. Current challenging problems in the field are analyzed, and the latest research findings, presented. After an introductory chapter on tooth. A conservative, noninvasive or minimally invasive approach to clinical management of dental caries requires diagnostic techniques capable of detecting and quantifying lesions at an early stage, when progression can be arrested or reversed. Objective evidence of initiation of the disease can be detected in the form of distinct changes in the optical properties of the affected tooth structure An examiner calibrated and blinded to the study groups and the secondary outcomes will perform the clinical examinations, which consist of: the gingival bleeding index, dental plaque index, detection of caries and its activity according to the ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Assessment System) and the clinical features of active and inactive caries lesions will be associated with the.

Parents' dental anxiety was found to influence children's dental anxiety 14,15 and more female than male children demonstrated dental fear. 16 In addition, studies have investigated an association between the parental/maternal dental anxiety and dental caries in children in different parts of the world. 1,14,17 It was reported that parents. 4 Dental caries and pulpitis 72 Avijit Banerjee and Naveen Karir. Introduction 72. Aetiology and microbiology of dental caries in relation to dental plaque 72. The epidemiology of caries 79. Features of enamel, dentine and root caries 80. Diagnostic methods for dental caries 83. Non-surgical management of dental caries 86. Surgical management. The question of method of delivery was addressed in one trial of 700 adults that found xylitol lozenges showed no significant reduction of dental caries compared with placebo. 6 From the April 01.

Root Caries - Classification, Causes, Clinical Features

Clinicians may acquire biased perceptions during their dental education that can affect decisions about treatment/management of dental decay. This study established explanatory models used by students to interpret clinical features of patients. It employed a stereotypical dental patient under standardised consultation conditions to identify the interpretation of oral health/disease features in. The clinical investigators who studied root caries provided clinical descriptions of the signs and symptoms of root caries lesions. The most commonly used clinical signs to describe root caries utilized visual (color, contour, surface cavitation) , and tactile (surface texture) specifications (Figure 2) In daily clinical practice, clinical judgment and panoramic radiograph detect caries induced by radiation therapy . Even experienced clinicians have moderate accuracy and expertise in diagnosing proximal caries on a dental radiograph due to time, quality of the image, or teeth overlapping

Arrested Caries is a type of Dental Caries affecting Teeth which are basically Caries which has become stationary or non-progressive or static without any signs of further progression or extending into the Enamel or dentist structure. Arrested Carious Lesion is usually Self-cleansing and is usually seen on the lingual or labial surfaces of the tooth Clinical Features. Reversible Pulpitis. Duration of pain is short (seconds) Associated with noxious stimuli (usually cold or heat, can also be elicited by sweat and sour) Irreversible Pulpitis. Duration of pain is long (hours) and intense. Associated with noxious stimuli or may occur spontaneously Dental caries. Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated, sugar-driven, multifactorial, dynamic disease that results in the phasic demineralization and remineralization of dental hard tissues. Dental caries (cavities) is tooth decay caused by bacteria in dental plaque Evidence-Based Clinical Recommendations on the prevention and control of dental caries, fluo-ride ingestion also may be associated with increased risk of developing enamel fluorosis. Enamel fluorosis is a type of hypomineralization key features of a systematic review such as

• To explain the pathogenesis, prevalence and clinical features of dental caries and hypomineralised enamel • To discuss the clinical consequences of dental caries and hypomineralised enamel on treatment planning and clinical care • To gain the knowledge and skill to determine when and how to place Stainless Steel (preformed) crowns Introduction. Dental caries/tooth decay and periodontal diseases are probably the most common dental diseases in the world. The increase in the prevalence of dental caries is associated with higher consumption of refined sugars. The gradual decrease in the prevalence of dental caries started in the late 70s and early 80s in Australia, New Zealand, United States, and Western Europe due to.

PPT - Periodontal And Periapical Diseases PowerPoint

Image of dental caries on occlusal surfaces of mandibular teeth at various stages. B ase on the clinical features, the diagnosis is made and a treatment plan is devised for the long-term benefit of the patient as follows: Normal Ename 1-Dental caries: dental carise is the common infectious disease strongly influenced by diet, affecting 95% of population. Radiography is useful for detecting dental caries because the carious process causes tooth demineralization. The carious lesion (the demineralized area of the tooth that allows greater infiltration of x-rays) is darker (i.e. Dental caries is a complex disease. Over the last several decades, a number of measurement criteria have been developed to identify the presence of dental caries. However, as the understanding of dental caries progressed, the clinical criteria sys-tems remained focused on assessment the disease process at only one stage, the so called. The second edition of Dental Caries has been extensively and thoroughly revised and contains a wealth of new material. The book is divided into seven parts, taking as a logical starting point the clinical manifestations of dental caries. Author: Ole Fejerskov. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN: 9781444309287 26 Minimal Interventional Treatment of Caries in Young Children: Clinical Cases. Case 1: A 6-Year-Old Boy with High Caries Risk. Case 2: A 7-Year-Old Girl with Medium Caries Risk. Case 3: A 6-Year-Old Girl with Very High Caries Risk. Case 4: An 8-Year-Old Boy with Medium Caries Risk