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Kautilya theory of kingship

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of king, ruling and politics.2 Origin of the state Kautilya's philosophy says state as central theme. Monarchy system was adopted in that time. Kautilya had discussed about state's origin, nature and working. In regarding to origin of state he accepted the theory of social-cohesion. There was injustice everywhere in the society Kautilya was the minister in the Kingdom of Chandragupta Maurya during 317 - 293 B.C. He has been considered as one of the shrewdest ministers of the times and has explained his views on State, War, Social Structures, Diplomacy, Ethics, Politics and Statecraft very clearly in his book called Arthashastr

According to Kautilya, the king was a servant of the state. A king has no personal likes; it is the likes of the subjects (that should be followed by him). The king should surrender his individuality in the interest of his duties and be virtually a constitutional slave. The functions of the state were wide ranging and all-pervasive Kautilya 1. Arthshastra• Concerned with the acquisition and protection ofmeans of livelihood.• Also a means to ensure the well-being of men ingeneral• Two fold aims- Palana: administration and protection of the state- Labha: conquest and acquisition of territory• Hence it is a science dealing with internal as well asexternal spheres.

POLITICO Vol.5, No.2, 2016 CONTEMPORARY RELEVANVE OF KAUTILYA'S MANDALA THEORY AND DIPLOMACY PROFESSOR TRIDIB CHAKRABORTI DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS JADAVPUR UNIVERSITY KOLKATA-700032, INDIA The history of ancient Indian political thought is of great significance and of practical utility for a clear understanding of the political wisdom of our own ancestors The theory of kingship propounded by Balban led to the adoption of the policy of blood and iron. Balban was convinced that the only way to face the internal and external dangers was to increase the power and prestige of the Sultan (King) The Saptanga Theory: According to Kautilya, a state has seven elements or constituents, namely, Swamin— the King, Amatya—the Minister, Janapada—the Land, and the People, Durga—the Fortress, Kosha—the Treasury, Danda—the Army and Mitra—the Allies. This entire set-up of the kingdom was described as Saptanga theory in ancient India Kautilya was a great political philosopher who lived during the period of Nanda dynasty and Alexander's invasion. He was the person who tried to build up a new Indian polity with the proper administration through the Theory of Statecraft. Kautilya tried to create a strong and stable state with a benevolent king

Like his predecessor Manu, Kautilya has also given the saptanga theory of the state. According to him that state (Rajya) consisted of seven-element (Prakritis) such as swamin (The sovereign), Amatyas (Ministers), Janapada (territory and population Durga (fort), kosha (Treasury), Bala (Army), and Mitra (Ally) which may be discussed below Kautilya builds up his theory of the State as an organic entity on the basis of seven elements, which he describes in his Arthashastra as Saptanga. The seven elements, despite being enumerated separately, stand in the closest possible relation to one another and are in themselves mutually serviceable

Kautilya, also identified as Vishnugupta and Chanakya, is traditionally credited as the author of the text. The latter was a scholar at Takshashila, the teacher and guardian of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya. Some scholars believe them to be the same person, while most have questioned this identification The main elements of the Mandala theory regarding kingdoms in the rear of the Vijighisu are:- The immediate neighbour is the Paarshnigraaha. This the enemy in the rear of the Vijighisu. The ally in the rear of Vijighisu is known as the Akranda Duties of Kings Kautilya's Arthashastra does not believe in the 'Theory of Divine' origin of the Monarch. According to him, state is a human institution and it should be manned by a human being. So, the king should be the protector of the dharma of whole society. Arthashastra pointed out duties of kings are : Should follow his rajya dharma Kautilya's Mandla theory deals with the territorial nature of belligerency and alliances. e.g. A is a state with B and C as it's neighbours. D is a neighbour of B and E is a neighbour of C, but D and E are not neighbours of A. In this senario, B a.. Kautilya was the key adviser to—and the genius of the strategy undertaken by—the Indian king Chandragupta Maurya (c. 317-293 B.C.E.), who defeated the Nanda kings (several related kings trying unsuccessfully to rule India together), stopped the advance of Alexander the Great's successors, and first united most of the Indian subcontinent in empire

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  1. al and mercantile law
  2. — the King, Amatya—the Minister, Janapada—the Land, and the People, Durga—the Fortress, Kosha—the Treasury, Danda—the Army and Mitra—the Allies. This entire set-up of the kingdom was described as Saptanga theory in ancient India
  3. Kautilya developed this theory further to form the basis for defining all relations in the world order, detailing the theory of foreign policy and interstate relations based on the raja-mandala. The cosmological principles were interpreted, firmly based on the maxim that a friend's friend is a friend and an enemy's friend is an enemy
  4. Kautilya(Chanakya) was a 3rd-century bc economist, strategist, advisor & philosopher, who authored 'Arthasastra', a treatise on statecraft, political economy, military strategy & foreign policy
  5. This theory is specifically for foreign relations and diplomacy. Ari (Enemies), Mitra(Friends), Madhyama(Mediators) and Udasina(Neutrals). Enemies and friendly rulers are divided into two kinds natural and artificial. According to Kautilya the king and his immediate neighbors are the natural enemies to each other
  6. isters. System of Law Although, Kautilya's state theory states the monarchical democracy, but the sole authority vested under the king to make law and that it derived from four sources Dharma (sacred law), Vyavhara (evidence), Charita (history and.

Mandala Theory Of Kautilya. The above diagram explains the Mandala concept of Kautilya and how this circle of kings should be utilized by the Kings. Politics is inevitably a game of might and power and Kautilya too in his Arthashastra makes a mention of the different powers of the state: Kautilyas Theory. 10704 Words43 Pages. Write an essay on Kautilyas theory of state? Abstract: Kautilya was the key adviser to the Indian king Chandragupta Maurya (c. 317-293 B.C.E.), who first united the Indian subcontinent in empire. Written about 300 B.C.E., Kautilya'sArthasastra was a science of politics intended to teach a wise king how to. This video explains you the Saptanga Theory. This video is suitable for BA(P) Students and BA (H) Political Science Students and all those who are interest.. Origin of the Kingship: Kautilya believes the divine origin theory of the state. The early man was living in the State of Nature where might was right. To come out of such life of unrest and anarchy, the people made an agreement with Manu, son of the sun Kautilya often showed a surprisingly modern outlook. His view of the origin of kingship anticipates Locke's theory of contract. People, he said, elected Manu to be their king, to protect them from the evils of anarchy, and agreed to pay him taxes

Kautilya's Views on Kingship - Your Article Librar

  1. He gives the theory of the circle of kings and recognizing friendly and unfriendly elements so that the king may bring regions under his rule and become the sovereign of the four corners of the earth. Remove Ads Advertisement. Arthashastra & Dharmahastra. Kautilya's 'Arthashastra' and the legalism of Lord Shang. Accessed 5 Jun 2020
  2. Kautilya was a proponent of a welfare state but definitely encouraged war for preserving the power of the state. He thought that the possession of power and happiness in a state makes a king superior hence a king should always strive to augment his power. Thi
  3. figure. Kautilya said that enemy king should study this theory when he made his inter state policy. If any king obeyed this policy then he could tackle his enemies easily. Through this 1 policy a weak king could also win a stronger king's. Thus this theory was the perfect model of balance of power
  4. The Rajamandala theory consists of four principal types of states viz. Vijigishu (desirous for or would be world conqueror), Ari (enemy, whose territory if contiguous to Vijigishu), Madhyama (Middle king with territory adjoining those of Vijigishu and Ari and stronger than both) and Udasina (kingdom lying outside or neutral and more powerful.
  5. theorey of kingship in ancient india in vedic times some speculation about the theory of kingship was found in the aitareya brahaman which refers to the war between the devas and the danavas. in this war the devas appointed indra as their king.it was the necessity of the war that originated the idea of kingship. in arthashastra kautilya.
  6. Kautilya's Arthashastra and its Relevance to Contemporary Strategic Studies . Colonel Pradeep Kumar Gautam (Retd)@ Introduction . The normative setting of Kautilya's Arthasashastra is the political unification of common cultural Indian subcontinent. Within this, the Arthashastra has a twofold aim. First, it seeks to show how the ruler should protect his territory

Kautilya's Saptang Theory of State Aspirant Foru

Kautilya's desire was for his king to conquer the world. Today's Indian strategic thinking is also somehow has reflection of Kautilya's six fold policy. This article will discuss Kautilya. The Sanatana Ideal of Chakravartin. This capacity for creating emperors originates in the theory and practice of the ancient Sanatana ideal of a Chakravartin.In turn, the Vedic conception of the Ashwamedha Yajna inspired and fueled the real-life attainment of this powerful title and throne.. Like his predecessors, Kautilya too, regarded Bharatavarsha as a Chakravarti-Kshetra, i.e., the land. Chanakya,who was also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was the Prime Minister in the court of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan empire. He was also a teacher, philosopher, and possibly the very first economist of India. He is also t.. Kautilya, also known as Chanakya, was believed to be the chief minister in the court of Chandragupta Maurya, a contemporary of Alexander and the first great emperor of India who ruled the subcontinent in the 4th Century BC. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya's work carries a. Kautilya, the great Indian philosopher-statesman and contemporary of Aristotle, wrote his ARTHASHASTRA as a primer for good rule by the king. The goal of this is treatise was to increase the monarch's wealth and that of his realm - as was true of ancient and medieval philosophers, Kautilya did not distinguished between the wealth o

Kautilya on Administration of Justice during the Fourth. Century BCE. It is the power of punishment alone, when exercised impartially in proportion to the guilt, and irrespective of whether the. The latter account contains a theory of the fall of humankind from this ideal state, which led to a need for institutionalized power, or kingship; the former account leads directly from the insecurity of the prekingship era to the installation of king by the divine ruler for the protection and the security of humankind Duties of Kings Kautilya‖s Arthashastra does not believe in the ―Theory of Divine‖ origin of the Monarch. According to him, state is a human institution and it should be manned by a human being. So, the king should be the protector of the dharma of whole society. Arthashastra pointed out duties of kings are : Should follow his rajya dharma Since it is roughly translated as a 'circle of kings', the setup is commonly visualised in the form of concentric circles, comprising of adversaries and allies placed in an alternating fashion. [This confusion also arises because Arthashastra is not just Kautilya's commentary but also a compilation of diverse —and sometimes divergent. The content of the book covers mainly some important aspects of state-craft of Kautilya and Barani, like life and thought, theory of kingship, Principles and ideals of administration of justice, economic principles and at last the conclusion. About The Autho

The King in Mandala Theory can be equated as sovereign or symbol of sovereignty of state. Kautilya proposed expansion of state because he considered territory as material wealth of nation. He considered that the material economic, political and military powers of state are the constituent elements of its supremacy Kautilya's Realism. Kautilya, popularly known as Chanakya, was the first Realist thinker whose thoughts were critical to the evolution of the theories of statecraft, diplomacy, strategy, and power. He had written Arthashastra in 300 B.C., much before various western thinkers like Machiavelli, Hobbes and Thucydides had written about Realism

Kautilya : Saptanga Theory of Stat

  1. According to Manu to be a good ruler the king should regulated his lifestyle in proper way. Manu preponded three theory of leadership-Trait Approach,Behavioural Approach and ContingencyApproach. Qualities of leader Indra,Voyu ,Yama, Surya, Agni, Chandra, Kuber. 14. KAUTILYA had rational approach to governance and statecraft
  2. Kautilya's major preoccupation, unlike that of. Machiavelli, was to foster and restore the ethical values of Indian system both in method and in principle. Kautilya's essentially spiritual disposition and Machiavelli's essentially secular material makeup stand out against. each other
  3. The Arthashastra theory of the origin of kingship was based on the assump­tion that there was a state of chaos and confusion which called for a protector. The State the ancient political thinkers of India clearly distinguished the king from the state. The state was conceived as an organic whole, like a human body, and its constituent parts.
  4. Elements of the theory will lose their significance when separated from the state in a similar way to the organs of the body lost its significance when separated from the body. Seven elements of State are: 1) Swami (The king) Kautilya compares the king with the head in the body. Swami needs to be virtuous and treat his subjects as his children
  5. Kautilya's Saptang Theory of State: The Mauryan era of ancient India gave the world a significant treatise, the Arthashastra of Kautilya.It offers deep insights into political statecraft. Kautilya is known as the Indian Machiavelli because of his ruthless and shrewd tactics and policies reflecting an approach to statecraft including warfare
  6. Social, Political, and Economic Landscapes in Kautilya's 'Arthashastra'. Ashoka riding a chariot in a relief from the Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh, India. Emperor Ashoka the Great (sometimes spelt Aśoka) lived from 304 to 232 BCE and was the third ruler of the Indian Mauryan Empire. / Photo by Dharma, Wikimedia Commons
  7. BUDDHIST THEORY OF KINGSHIP - By Dr. Ruchi Tyagi Associate Professor Department of Political Science Kalindi College Introduction to Buddhist Political theories • Digha Nikaya is a collection of dialogues of mostly of Gautama himself. There are 180 controversial dialogues - • First dialogue is Brahmajala - the perfect ne

From Kautilya's theory of the origin of kingship draws the corollary - so relevant to this immediate limited objective - that the king's taxes and punishments are necessary in the people's own interest as they provide him with the means of ensuring the security and prosperity of his subjects The concept of the election of a king to put an end to anarchy and the relationship between the State and the king, as elaborated by Kautilya has distinct similarity with the Contract Theory of State and kingship developed in the Western world at a much later stage. However, Kautilya also opined that if the authority of the king becomes. Modi's Mandala: Why Indian Prime Minster Is Modern Chanakya. Kautilya's Mandala theory was written more than 2000 years ago and hence represented the realities of those times. His theory was probably the first systematic work on an ancient system of kings, kingdoms and empires in the intellectual history of mankind Chanakya (IAST: Cāṇakya, pronunciation (help · info)) was an ancient Indian teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. He is traditionally identified as Kauṭilya or Vishnugupta, who authored the ancient Indian political treatise, the Arthashastra, a text dated to roughly between the 4th century BCE and the 3rd century CE. As such, he is considered the pioneer of the field. Kautilya suggest that when the king is victorious, he should take the responsibility of the victory and has the task of restoring peace, reconciliation and settlement. There are 3 types of Conquerors according to Kautilya. 1)Dharmavijaya: When the objectives of the war is achieved, the king returns without any spoils of war

The state is a natural and inevitable institution according to him. The state is a whole consisting of the following seven interdependent pasts as called ' Saptanga ' theory. 1. The swami or sovereign:- The king as a head of the state is a swami or sovereign. A good ruler should be equipped with various qualities through meditation, sound. V. Agganna Sutta (Digha Nikaya): Theory of Kingship S. Collins, (ed), (2001) Agganna Sutta : An Annotated Translation, New Delhi: Sahitya Academy, pp. 44-49. S. Collins, (2001) 'General Introduction', in Agganna Sutta: The Discussion on What is Primary (An Annotated Translation from Pali), Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, pp. 1- 26 A single platform where u can get concepts with notes for Hons students and UPSC (PS as optional subject)Suhal IAS : An institute for All.A complete dedicate.. Kautilya lays out a theory of the international system called the circle of states, or rajamandala. According to this theory, hostile states are those that border the ruler's state.

What according to Kautilya is the main duty of the king? The first and the foremost responsibility of the king is to protect the life and property of his subjects. It is also the duty of the king to save the people from anti-social elements and also from natural calamities such as fire, floods, earthquakes and the like. What is theory of kingship Kautilya theory of Mandal The mandala system was a theoretical construction of states by Kautilya in his Arthasastra. The word mandala means circle in Sanskrit. It is a geographical concept of division of lands of the king (the vijigishu) and the neighboring kingdoms. It was perhaps the first theoretical work on an ancient system of. Chanakya's Mandal Siddhant is a theory of Geo Strategy. It tells us about the strategy of the wars. This is also famously known as Chanakya Niti. Mandal is made up of 12 Kings. 12 Kings multiplied by 7 elements of sovereignty means 84 elements. A king must take 84 elements into consideration before starting the war This is the responsibility of the king to prevent exploitation of the people. Kautilya has also classified various types of administrations and also described regarding intelligence agencies too. For a strong state people should be stranger i.e. strengthened. Theory of International Relations in Arthashastra- It is collectively known as Manda The basic idea of the Mandala Theory is ' If your neighbour is your natural enemy then your neighbour's neighbour is your natural ally.' This theory was put forth by the great Chanakya. The Mandala Theory, also known as the Rajamandala is clearly explained in detail in his book 'The Arthasashtra'

Maurya India: the 1st Great Empire in Indian Subcontinent

Essay on theory of state. ?Chanakya, also known as Kautilya (350 BC-283 BC), was among the foremost political thinkers and strategists of the East. His seminal work, The Arthashastra , is an incisive treatise on the political and legal philosophy of his time. The Arthashastra deals with nearly everything that goes into managing and running the. The king is a great deity in human form. b)The King is subject to Dharma and should form ideal council of Ministers for consultations in all matters. The king should select his advisors, ministers, legislators and administrators from amongst the Vanaprastha. c)The King should worship daily the aged Brahmin who knows the Vedas and pure Kautilya Saptang Theory of State The state of 'nature' is imagined to be one of total anarchy, in which 'might was right'.When people were oppressed by Matyanyaya , the law of the fish, according to which the bigger fish swallows the smaller ones they selected Manu- son of Vivasvat the king Honoured Components Of The Saptanga Theory And Their Role In Supporting The State. Kautilya and Non-Western IR Theory-Deepshikha Shahi 2018-09-29 The ancient Indian text of Kautilya's Arthaśāstra comes forth as a valuable non-Western resource for understanding contemporary International Relations (IR) Introduction. 2. Theory of kingship. 3. Principles and ideals of administration. 4. Administration of justice. 5. Economic principles. Conclusion. Appendices. Bibliography. The book - a theoretical analysis and constitution, is a treatise on Arthashastra of Kautilya and Fatawa-i- Jahandari of Ziauddin Barani, like a constitution for the rulers.

The king can promulgate new laws, but the basic principles should stick to the idea of Shastras. He should be a affirm believer in the moral order of the universe; Kautilya's Solution for corruption. Kautilya believed in keeping spies to look after if the officials carried forward their work properly. He also mentioned about the whistleblowers Kautilya, King‟s maintenance of dharma in concrete terms signified nothing but the defence of the social order based on family, property and caste. 8 The king should have the ability to persuade and motivate his ministers and to act as a leader for the achievement of collectively agreed upon goals in specific time Reexamining Kautilya and Machiavelli: Flexibility and the Problem of Legitimacy in Brahmanical and per his efforts to secure a stable and legitimate brahmanical kingship. The Kautilyan response, however, suggests that Machiavelli's secular realism criminal punishment, and a theory of foreign affairs. More particularly, the text's. LEADERSHIP THEORY Kautily co½idering the king as the most impo nt eÄerñent of state goes to explain in qualities, duties and powers of a detail king I h can enable him to become a SUCeSSfUl ruler. If we considepthe Kautilyan state to be a modern day organisation and his king as it's CEO then the insight given by Kautilya abou Kautilya's Arthashastra provides an insight into the ancient Indian anthology of political wisdom, theory, and the art of statecraft. It is one of the major political and strategic treatises that constitute a collection of timeless concepts. The importance and relevance of such strategies and concepts could be enriching to the contemporary world

What was the Critical Evaluation of Kautilya Thought

  1. Kautilya (4th Century B.C.) is a legendary figure in India for not only writing Arthashastra, a treatise that deals extensively with the strategies for building and running a nation based on strong fundamentals of economics and the wisdom of the leader, but also for making Chandragupta Maurya the king of Magadha whose empire later on became the largest empire ever seen in the Indian history
  2. Kautilya does not propund any logical theory of the state Its origin and ends, but he appears to belive in the social contract theory according to which the state came into existence after such a contract between the king and the people. 5 He regarded the state a result of human nature and its needs and It was consequently natural and beneficial
  3. al justice systems, economics to include markets and trade, war, diplomacy, ethics, and the duties of a king. 1 The Hindu text was written at the time of king Chandragupta Maurya's rule and explored issues of social welfare and conduct of rulers.
  4. Kautilya's views. STUDY. PLAY. Kautilya. 1) chanakya 2) Vishnu Gupta 15 parts 150 chapters Has 2 parts- kingship and statecraft. Sapthanga theory. 1) Swami or king 2) amathya or Minister 3) Janapada or territory 4) Durga or fort 5) Kosa or treasure 6) danda or army 7) mitra or ally. King
  5. In fact, Kautilya prefers an ignorant king who had not been taught dharma to a wicked king who, in spite of his learning, deviates from it {8.2.12}. The king's own dharma is to be just, impartial and lenient in protecting his people {8.2.12; 3.10.46; 1.19.33,34; 3.1.41; 3.20.2
  6. Kautilya's Arthashastra is, perhaps, the quintessential treatise on ancient Indian statecraft. Its policy prescriptions are universal and by virtue of their generality, it is averred that they could have been arrived at by others elsewhere and in different times.1 This suggests, almost reassuringly, that there is a broad convergence on the range of issues discussed and options explored.
  7. ds[2].Economic power has helped shape statecraft
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Kautilya - SlideShar

Kautilya also proposes certain stages for the life of a person. They are called Kautilya's theory of Law and Justice is such that the legal issues should be settled according to the canon of the land. In the event of a conflict between canon and reason, it is the reason which must prevail. The King is not above law Kautilya-'An enemy destruction shall be brought about even at the cost of great losses in men, material and wealth'. Kautilya believed that 'Whenever an enemy king is in trouble, and his subjects are exploited, oppressed, impoverished and disunited, he should be immediately attacked after one proclamation of war'. (6) The Use of Resource Kautilya approved weapons-of-war that tricked unsuspecting kings and fought in unconventional ways. The use of secret agents to befriend and then kill enemy leaders, religion and superstition to bolster his troops and demoralize enemy soldiers (Boesche 10), and women who seduced the enemy as means of war (ibid.) were all examples of they. According to Kautilya, Arthasastra deals with the guidance of the kings on the art of administration. As a result, out of the four purusharthas or the pointers of life; artha, dharma, kama and moksha. According to Kautilya, the most important purushartha or the objective of life is Artha or material welfare and prosperity KAUTILYA'S ARTHASHASTRA: The Mauryan period was the era of major development in Indian Administration. Decentralisation was prevalent as the village units played a very important role as the base of administration since ancient times.Empires were divided into provinces,provinces into districts,districts into rural and urban centres for efficient administration

(PDF) KAUTILYA's Concept of Diplomacy Tridib Chakraborti

Kautilya proposed that a king with a strong army may undertake an open fight, otherwise he should fight a treacherous battle (Arthaśāstra Book X Chapter III). Boesche takes note of Kautilya's doctrine of silent war or a war of assassination against an unsuspecting king and his approval of secret agents who killed enemy leaders and sowed. Theories of kingship and statecraft Though Kautilya recognized that sovereignty may belong to a clan ( kula ), he was himself concerned with monarchies. He advocated the idea of the king's divine nature, or divine sanction of the king's office, but he also attempted to reconcile it with a theory of the elective origin of the king Kautilya recommended that the king should establish colonies for facilitating immigration. Economic Idea # 8. Slavery: In Ancient India, a slave was treated as a member of family, and was not asked to do a degrading work. A slave was a hereditary domestic servant who could not use his personal earnings and could not own property

Kautilya's treatise on statecraft, the Arthashastra, takes into consideration that when the constituent elements of a state which according to the Rajamandala theory include the king, minister, subjects or people, city, treasury, army, and ally, are on a rise and there is an increase in capabilities, the state should augment and mobilise. Deepshikha Shahi's philosophical-literary study of the Arthashastra lays the foundation for a new era in global IR theory. Stumbled upon by accident in the early 20 th century, Kautilya's Arthashastra is one of the most remarkable ancient Indian works ever discovered. Supposedly written by Chanakya, the prime minister of an early North Indian emperor, it contains detailed descriptions of.

Kautilya is well-known as 'Chanakya' was a political advisor and minister of Indian king Chandragupta Maurya. He advocated unification of India through centralized government by acquiring military might, economic strength and geographic expansion because he considered territory as a material wealth of a nation Kautilya based his penal system on a complex interplay between monetary and physical punishments. He subscribed to a theory of the maintenance of law and order by the government by punishment, also called Dandaniti. Although he warned against meting out unjust punishment by the king and that such unfairness would lead to large scale. Today, his main variables, the king and the kingdom are seen to reflect today's head of government and the state, respectively. Given its broad foundation for statecraft and strategy, Kautilya's theory can also be applied to events and issues beyond his era. In his writings, Kautilya emphasized that in warfare, a king must use all means to win

Balban's Theory of Kingship - History Discussio

Kautilya was a contemporary of Aristotle, but he came close to taking economic means as ultimate ends, precisely the phenomenon Aristotle witnessed personally and warned about, half a world away. In Indian myth, in fact, Kautilya is represented as Chanakya, the prototype of a wily chief minister and political adviser Kautilya was a key advisor to Chandragupta Maurya (317-293 BC), who defeated the Nanda Kings, stopped the advance of Alexander the Great's successors, and was the first ruler to unite the Indian subcontinent. After Chandragupta's conquest of many tribes, his famous grandson Ashoka (268-232 BC) was able to consolidate the empire further Topic: Socio Political Philosophy (Kautilya (Arthashastra) 3rd Country B.C.) Artha — a piece of land . Sovereignty is a modern theory therefore it is very difficult to discuss a theory of sovereignty in Arthasastra. There are two opinions on this question Historical background-- a science of politics for a king-- the spy state-- the economy - a socialist monarchy-- foreign policy and war-- power, advancement, and a theory of history. (source: Nielsen Book Data) Summary A succinct analysis of one of the ancient world's foremost political realists, Kautilya

Kautilya Views on Statecraft: 4 Issues that are Part of

Trait Theory of leadership and it expected that individuals acquire certain qualities and characteristics that improve them suited to authority. B. Attributes of a leader Kautilya has stated that, an ideal king is one who has the highest qualities of leadership, is intellectual and possesses good personal attributes [1]. The attributes presented b 2.Give similarities between Kautilya and Machiavelli 3.Give differences between Kautilya and Machiavelli 4.Tell whether Kautilya should be called Indian Machiavelli & conclude Answer - Give a brief introduction of Kautilya & Machiavelli There are two names celebrated in history for an exposition of the theory of StatecraftKautilya and Machiavelli

Relevance of Kautilya'S Political and Judicial

MEANING OF ARTHASHASTRA •Artha means money. •According to Kautilya, material well being is Supreme, spiritual good (dharma and sensual pleasure (kaam)) all depend on material well being. •In ancient times land was the main source of material well being. hence land was the main sourc Mandala theory is based classification of FOREIGN RULERS under 4 distinct categories. Ari - Enemies. Kautilya concludes that the king and his immediate neighbors are the Natural Enemies. Any king who attempts to cause trouble to the principle kingdom without reasonable cause is an Artificial Enemy of that principle Kingdom. Mitra- Friend Kautilya also refers them as Sanghas in Contrary to the Brahmanical divine theory of origin of state and the kingship, Buddhist theory envisages the origin of the state in popular consent. Kautilya wrote this treatise for his swamy (the king) Chandragupta Maurya and stated in its preface that it has been written as a guide for those who govern. Kautilya was interested in establishment and operation of the machinery through which the king preserves the integrity and solidarity of the State and generates power

Mandala theory (Sarkar, 1919; Gautam, 2013: 21). If one were to give it a visual representation, Kautilya's theory of the international system, from the perspective of a sovereign it could be represented by a series of concentric circles. In this conception, if the sovereign resides at the centre of thi Short Essay on Kautilya. Kautilya or Chanakya was also known as Vishnu Gupta the author of Arthasastra Vishnu Gupta was given the name of Kautilya because he was of 'Kutala' or 'Kutila gotra', (sub- caste), Vishnu Gupta was called Chanakya because he, was born at Canaka, some believe that because he was son of Chanak, so he came to be. Jhumpa Mukherjee (Gold Medalist), PhD is Assistant Professor of Political Science at St. Xavier's College, Kolkata. She is the author of Conflict Resolution in Multicultural Societies: The Indian Experience (Sage Publications, New Delhi and London 2014) and The World of Human Rights (Concept Publications, New Delhi 2014). She has contributed chapters in edited books and has published. kautilya Flashcards. Browse 1 set of kautilya flashcards. Study sets Diagrams Classes Users. 13 terms. Trichna. rajamandala theory- circle of states- kautilya. detailed notion of rajamandala. Rajamandala theory. number of kings, combinations and eleme From the Jacket. Ancient Indians were a highly organized polity, with a well-established worldview of the Rajya (the State). And also of its seven distinct organs: svamin (the king), amatyas (the ministers), janapada/rastra (the territory and the people), durgas/pura (the forts / capital), kosa (the treasury), danda/bala (the army), and mitra tatha niti (the allies and inter-state relations)